Author Archives: eSquared Asphalt Maintenance

What happens if a pothole damages your car?

close-up of a pothole on an asphalt road

Dealing With Potholes

Well, winter has already come and gone, folks. And while this winter wasn’t anything like it was in February 2021, there was still some ice and snow. And you know what that ice and snow can do to the roadways! Yup, potholes, and most cities, counties, and towns still haven’t got caught up with all the pothole repairs needed from the previous winter, much less from the past few months.

What is a pothole in a road?

Potholes are caused by groundwater contracting and expanding under the pavement, much like when we make ice cubes in the freezer. The same thing happens when water gets under the pavement and the ground freezes with frozen ice and snow on top of the pavement. As the ice freezes under the pavement, it takes up space making the pavement expand. As it expands, it bends and cracks, becoming weak. 

Then the ice and the snow begin to melt, and cars drive over the bent, cracked, and weakened pavement. The weakened material gives way to that weight, and thus, a pothole is created! With the amount of traffic we have today, it is challenging for municipalities and states to keep up with pothole repairs. 

Who is responsible for pothole repairs?

Pothole repair responsibilities depend on where the potholes are located. If they are on city streets, the city is responsible. Likewise, if they are on county roads, the county is responsible for pothole repairs and on state highways, the state is responsible. 

For pothole repairs on private property, like shopping centers and malls, office campuses, the owner of the property is responsible. For public property like government and school campuses, the maintenance crews for each entity is responsible for any pothole repairs.

How do you solve a pothole problem?

Prevention is the best method of solving a pothole repair problem! This requires a consistent routine of placing specialized materials into cracks that will prevent water from intruding into the cracks and the layers of pavement. 

Applying a light layer of diluted slow-setting asphalt emulsion over aged pavement surface will reduce potholes and pothole repairs, slowing the deterioration of the pavement and keeping cracks from spreading. A thin layer of a surface treatment combined with asphalt and a fine aggregate will prevent water intrusion. Filling distressed pavement will seal the pavement and minimize cracking. 

How do you repair a pothole on a road?

It is important to try and make pothole repairs before they actually become a pothole. The longer it is left alone, the larger the pothole can get, setting the scene for damaged vehicles. For a private property owner, like a shopping center, this is leaving open the possibility of liability repairs to vehicles. The following are two pothole repair methods: 

Cold-Patch Pothole Repair

Cold-patch pothole repair is the most common method for filling potholes. It is durable, easy to use, and economical, providing a lasting repair.

  • Step One – Clean the pothole of large loose rocks and debris.
  • Step Two – Pour and spread the cold-patch material into the pothole so that it is level and a half-inch above the surface. This allows room for the material to be compacted.
  • Step Three – Compact the cold patch pothole repair material using a hand tamper. You can also drive over it a few times for the same results. 

Water Activation Cold-Patch Pothole Repair

There is a new water-activated pothole repair, similar to the cold-patch technology, and has a fast setting for a permanent pothole repair. This is quickly becoming more popular for road maintenance crews and private property owners with a high success rate.

  • Step One – Clean the pothole of large loose rocks and debris.
  • Step Two – Pour and spread the cold-patch pothole repair material into the pothole so that it is level and a half-inch above the surface. This allows room for the material to be compacted.
  • Step Three – Before compacting the material, spread a generous amount of water over the patch material and allow it to soak into pothole repair material. The water activates the fast curing mechanism.
  • Step Four – Compact the cold patch pothole repair material using a hand tamper. You can also drive over it a few times for the same results. 

What is the best method of pothole patching and repair?

The products and steps described above are a semi-permanent procedure for pothole repairs and considered by experts to be the best procedure in place of doing a full-depth replacement to damaged areas. If a roadway or parking lot is too severely damaged, pothole repairs may not be an option. 

Do cities pay for pothole damage?

While government entities are responsible for maintaining the repair and keeping roads safe in Texas, including pothole repairs, the law states that cities are not held responsible for any vehicle damage caused by potholes or other street debris.

Can you sue for pothole damage to your car?

In Texas, you can sue the city where your car was damaged by potholes, and they may pay you for repairs to the car. However, as stated above, the state law protects cities from being held responsible. You may also be wondering – can I claim for damage from a pothole, and if so, how do I claim for hitting a pothole that caused the damage?

Despite the state law, there are citizens and motorists that still want to proceed with filing a claim. To that end, the state has a formal process; the form and process are available on the Texas Department of Transportation’s website. 

close-up of a pothole on a busy road

Closing Thoughts

With the roadways in the condition that they are today, the best thing a driver can do is drive with caution. Keep the recommended distance between you and the car in front of you. This will enable you to see potholes before you hit them. Slow down on unfamiliar roads, and always use your headlights starting at dusk. 

When does my parking lot need repair?

several cars filling a parking lot

Keeping Your Parking Lot in Shape

Have you noticed over the 10 years or so, strip shopping centers are coming back after 30 years or so of shopping malls? This transition is wonderful for most shop owners because it gives their business a place to actually stand out. With that in mind, they don’t want to be in a strip shopping center that needs parking lot repair

While they may not own the entire strip center and parking lot, repairs neglected and worn-down buildings will reflect on their business. It is important for an owner of the property where businesses are renting building space, even doctors and clinics, to have the buildings and parking lot maintained and in good condition. 

What is parking lot maintenance?

As a property owner of a strip center or any structure that has a parking lot, including multi-story buildings, apartments, and more, parking lot maintenance is important. You’re happy, your tenants are happy, and their customers are happy when you don’t have problems with the parking lot. Repairs, maintenance, and upkeep are key things with the parking lot that your tenants and their customers utilize. 

The cost to maintain a parking lot is the cost of having rental property and consists of various parking lot repairs. It also includes treatments that will extend the parking lot’s life. Ninety percent of all parking lots in this country are asphalt. This material, while popular for parking lots, is susceptible to damage and the weather. 

Damaged asphalt parking lot repairs will keep the parking lot safe and visually appealing, all a part of routine parking lot maintenance. Think of it as preserving your property investment and ensuring your tenants, their customers, and personnel, vendors, and visitors are safe when on your property. Parking lot maintenance should include:

  • Clean and sweep: Keep debris picked up and keep the parking lots swept on a regular basis will serve two purposes: Keep the property looking good and help you find small issues where parking lot repairs are needed before bigger problems are created.
  • Asphalt Sealing: Asphalt should be coated with a sealant every 2 to 3 years to preserve the pavement’s resilience and prevent weathering.
  • Striping: Parking lot marks should be repainted every 1 to 2 years to keep them visible.
  • Fill cracks: Parking lot cracks and potholes allow debris to accumulate and water to puddle then penetrate the surface asphalt layer. Once water has penetrated, more damage will follow. Water is the enemy of asphalt parking lots. 
  • Overlay asphalt: Stripping the top layer off the parking lot and having a new asphalt layer installed extends the life of the pavement, giving the parking lot a fresh, new, and updated appearance.
  • Repaving: After a parking lot starts crumbling, the best parking lot repair is to have it repaved and possibly reconstructed. This can usually be completed within one day and once it is done it will last up to 10 or 20 years. 

How do you repair an asphalt parking lot?

There are various reasons why asphalt parking lot repairs are needed. Poor maintenance is usually the first reason, followed by the original layer being too thin, poor drainage, and combined with accumulated wear-and-tear. Parking lots take a beating! Eventually, all of these causes combined can contribute to parking lot repairs being needed. 

Some of the common parking lot repairs include the following: 


Parking lot pothole repairs are often necessary for those bowl-shaped, often deep holes, which are the result of localized pavement break-up caused by continued deterioration. This includes alligator cracking, segregation, and failures of joints or patches within the parking lot.

To permanently repair potholes, start by clearing and removing the material in and around the pothole, including any of the failed subgrade. Clear and remove past the visible damage to ensure the solid material stays in place. Clean this area into a rectangular shape with square edges.

Tack the bottom and the vertical edges and fill the hole with a dense-graded hot mix asphalt or a cold patching mix. If the hole is deeper than 6 inches, you’ll need to apply this in 2 layers with each layer thoroughly compacted. To prevent future potholes or lengthen the time you’ll need to do this again, considering having drainage installed. 

Deteriorating Joints

When the joints are poorly constructed, the pavement life is reduced. Joint failure begins when contaminants along with air and water make their way into the joints. When any distress is discovered early on, you can apply a seal for a parking lot repair of the flaw and stop any possible deterioration. 

However, if these flaws aren’t addressed, potholes will form, which are more costly and time-consuming to repair. It is common for commercial pavements to suffer structural failures from load-related deterioration, causing alligator cracking, aka, fatigue cracking. 

These cracks are visible on the surface as interconnected, small blocks that resemble alligator skin and occur when there are constant and repeated traffic loads over a weak subgrade. Along with a thin layer of the original application, it can all contribute to the destruction of an asphalt parking lot, repairs can be ongoing if not done correctly. When the base fails, the best parking lot repair is to remove the failed asphalt and stabilize the underlying material, then replaced the pavement.


Parking lot repairs are needed when there is raveling and rutting. You can tell when a parking lot has had this happen in the past by signage “No Trucks Allowed”. Raveling is when aggregate particles of the surface disappear and the asphalt binder hardens, losing its grip on the stone. A poor mixing quality of the asphalt can cause raveling too. 

Rutting of asphalt pavement is typically from heavy vehicles causing wheel-tracks. The lateral movement or consolidation of the pavement layers will become rutted down to the subgrade. This is predominant when the original layers aren’t thick and compacted with asphalt and a stone base, or a weak mix of asphalt along with moisture infiltration. 

This parking lot repair requires that any of the exhibiting stretch marks and damages be removed. Clean and dry the existing pavement before applying a tack coat that will glue the new & old material together. Then install new compacted layers.

How much does it cost to repair a parking lot?

The cost of the total parking lot repair job will depend on the size of the parking lot, how much damage, and how extensive the damage is. The average cost of asphalt parking lot repair can start around $1,000 and up to $4,000. Pothole repairs can cost up to $4 per square foot and small crack repairs up to $3 per linear foot.

How do you resurface an asphalt parking lot?

To the unknowing, it can be confusing the terms used in asphalt parking lot repair and care. There are three primary types of treatment, each having a distinct purpose: 

  • Resurfacing

Resurfacing is when a new asphalt layer is installed over the old one. 

  • Replacing 

Replacing an asphalt parking lot is when the complete surface is destroyed and removed to the dirt the new asphalt material is installed. 

  • Resealing

To reseal a parking lot, the process is done to repair cracks and small holes then a protective coating is installed over the asphalt. This should be done as part of parking lot maintenance on a routine schedule.   

empty parking lot against a city skyline at night

Topping Things Off

As any business or property owner should know, the question “Is parking lot repair taxable?”, and the answer is yes. Real property services like parking lot repair or maintenance are taxable services. Also taxable are any real property services like installation, unless the item is going to become a part of the real property, then the services rendered are considered a capital improvement. 

So your parking lot needs repairs? Finding parking lot repair companies is easy with an internet search of “parking lot repairs” or asking other property owners with parking lots. You can also reach out to us if you are in the area to get the help you need.

How long do pavement markings last?

How do you remove a pavement marking?

black asphalt with white paint

What is the importance of pavement markings?

The consumers and clients that use your parking lot depend on pavement parking paint to know where to park, or maybe they don’t. What is the importance of pavement markings? The cross walk lines from that should get them safely from the sidewalk to their vehicle. On the roadways, it keeps traffic moving in a safe and steady flow. 

If drivers and pedestrians don’t see the defined lines, then traffic would be a chaotic mess! Pedestrians would be crossing the street in all directions at different points, cars would be changing lanes unsafely. We wouldn’t know where to safely cross the street and where to park. Pavement parking paint is an important factor to any parking lot. 

What is pavement marking?

Pavement parking painted markings are found on streets, highways, and parking lots. There are dotted lines and solid lines. They are typically yellow or white and then there are symbols, usually in blue or red. But what do they all mean? Just in case you forgot your driver’s ed class lessons, read on as we review what Pavement Markings Mean: 

The White Road Lines: These pavement parking painted lines are to keep traffic  moving in the same direction.  They are single broken lines, single solid lines, or double solid white lines, each with a different meaning: 

  • Single Broken Lines: you can legally cross to change lanes if safe to do. 
  • Single Solid Lines: These are a no-cross line due to hazard possibilities, usually found in busy intersections and the off/on ramp to highways. 
  • Double Solid Lines: These are a no-cross line, typically as a barrier. 

Yellow Road Lines: These are to keep traffic separate as they travel opposite directions. There are 4 different yellow lines, each having a specific meaning: 

  • Broken Yellow Lines: If safe, these can be crossed in order to go around another vehicle. 
  • Solid Yellow Lines: Passing is prohibited regardless of the driver’s view of safety. This is a ticketed offense if caught. 
  • Solid Yellow Line Next to Broken Yellow Line: If you are driving on the right side of the yellow broken line, passing is legal. If you are on the solid yellow lines, you can not pass. 
  • Double Solid Yellow Line: This is a no passing out of either lane. The only acceptable time to drive on the left side of this line it to make a left turn, the lane you’re in is blocked and signage indicates to go around, or if you are in an HOV lane with an entrance to the left. 

Edge Lines: These are solid pavement parking painted lines that go along the edge of  roadway to indicate the lane ends and the shoulder begins. The two types of edge lines are:

  • A solid white indicating the pavement’s right edge
  • A solid yellow indicating either a divided highway, one-way street, or the pavement left edge. 

Pavement parking painted arrows: These are indicating the direction you should follow. There may be one arrow or two arrows, depending on the parking lot or roadway. Be in the lane of the arrow you need to travel well before reaching the deciding point. 

Symbols: Diamond  and HOV Lane symbols each have their own purpose. The diamond symbols indicate special purpose lane like for HOV lanes (High Occupancy Vehicles). Do not drive in an HOV lane if you can’t comply with the requirements and never drive in a diamond symbol painted lanes. 

What kind of paint is used for parking lot marking?

For parking stripes, the most  common Pavement parking paint is a water based acrylic. It has a high level brightness so that is always visible, and it has an excellent durability. A bonus it is an environmentally friendly Pavement parking paint.

How to Do Parking Lot Marking get done? 

No, you don’t have to do your own pavement parking painting. Look through the yellow pages or search good for finding “Parking Lot Marking Services”. Like anything else, get several quotes and compare them.  

The typical way a line striping company does a parking lot, they rope off the area of the parking lot they are working to keep traffic out. Then with a line striping machine, they create an outline of their intended line or symbol. Then with all the lines drawn, they paint the lines and symbols. 

How long will a pavement marking last?

The average lifespan of pavement parking paint is typically nine to thirty-six months. There is a water-based paint that when painted a double thickness, can extend the life of the lines and symbols. 

There are a few different methods for removing pavement parking paint. Those forms includes: 

How do you remove a pavement marking?

There are a few different methods for removing pavement parking paint. Those forms includes:

  • Blasting – different forms
  • Chemicals
  • Grinding – the most common use that is quick and inexpensive

What is pavement tape? Pavement parking paint isn’t the only way to mark the roadways and parking lots.  Pavement tape is an economical, flexible rubber base tape made with glass beads and an aggregate for anti-skid. This durable tape has an  exceptional reflectiveness. Easier to install and no waiting for curing or drying. Call 254-716-8685 today for your pavement marking needs in Waco and Temple, TX.

How to Waterproof Concrete

concrete walkway

What is concrete waterproofing?

Why do you need to waterproof concrete, doesn’t it come that way already? Concrete is a durable material in all-weather types and with water, however, for concrete to maintain its strength and to protect the re-bar inside the concrete, waterproofing is necessary. 

When concrete is exposed to water overtime, it erodes. This is why concrete waterproofing is necessary. Without concrete waterproofing, the concrete will deteriorate as it erodes, and repairs are expensive. With concrete waterproofing, water can’t seep into the material. 

What is the best waterproofing for concrete?

Concrete waterproofing companies can use a few different ways for concrete waterproofing. It will depend on the surface’s integrity the process they use. There are products and ways that you can do your own concrete waterproofing. 

However, using a contractor service that does this will guarantee a better and long-lasting outcome. There are steps to be followed in preparing the concrete for waterproofing and a contractor will have the knowledge and the equipment to do this so that the waterproofing takes and stays. The different ways that can be used for concrete waterproofing include: 

Liquid Application Concrete Waterproofing

This is the most common used way and is designed specifically for that purpose. This is a thick gel substance that becomes a rubber-like coating after it is applied to the concrete wall. For a successful application, the concrete should be completely cured and cleaned.  It is applied with a mop or roller made specifically for concrete waterproofing. Once the application is on, allow it to thoroughly dry to a rubber-like texture, 

Crystalline Slurry Concrete Waterproofing Compound

This is an effective waterproofing product that when it is applied to the concrete, it has a chemical reaction with water and un-hydrated cement particles. The capillary pores & micro-cracks are filled with needle-shaped crystals, resulting in altered concrete crystals that block water & waterborne contaminants permanently. Any moisture that is introduced to the concrete surface will crystallize and create more waterproofing protection.

Rubberized Concrete Waterproofing Sheets

Another technique is large squares of rubberized sheets with a sticky touch that are placed against a below grade concrete wall. With the sheets in place, they become permanently adhered and provide a thick uniformed coverage. The weak points are the seams between the sheets.  

Cementitious Waterproofing

This technique is user-friendly and is put on the concrete surface like mortar. When this material is mixed and put on in thick uniform layer then dries, it becomes as hard as the concrete. This method is not flexible and is prone to cracking. 

Bentonite Concrete Waterproofing Sheets

A cardboard looking material that is layered with bentonite waterproofing material sandwiched with the below grade concrete. As water penetrates these layers, the clay expands until it has become swollen beyond its original size. Water is needed to activate this concrete waterproofing material, making it difficult to determine if water has penetrated the material.    

If you want to try to do your own concrete waterproofing, you’ll need to know where to get concrete waterproofing materials, and fortunately, they are available at local home improvement stores and specialty stores. Following the instructions on how to seal and waterproof concrete is important or the whole process will require repairs and another round of concrete sealer and waterproofing, either by you or an experienced contractor. 

What can happen if your concrete waterproofing isn’t done right?  Without a good seal of concrete waterproofing material, moisture will seep and soak in, damaging the concrete in several ways, including: 

  • Contracting with the temperature
  • Expanding with the temperature
  • Cracking especially in ice and snow

For concrete that is below the grade, these reactions to concrete waterproofing not done or done incorrectly can be devastating to the structure above the concrete. When homes are being built with a basement, concrete waterproofing is done (or should be)  to the exterior walls. In early days, it is possible this wasn’t done, but homes built today, concrete waterproofing is required. 

concrete steps

Waterproofing older homes

Fortunately, if you have discovered your older home has a basement that concrete waterproofing did not happen, it can be done after the fact using a concrete sealer. If you aren’t sure your basement has concrete waterproofing done, the following are indicators that it is not: 

  1. Constant damp, musty odor.
  2. Mold constant present.
  3. Growth like flowers, grass, weeds through the outer wall cracks.
  4. Cracks in the floor and walls.
  5. Walls bowed.
  6. Water marks on ceiling and walls.

If you have any or all of these happening in your basement, consult with an engineer about the stability of your home and then a contractor that can apply a concrete waterproofing.  You may check with your homeowner’s insurance to see if you have any coverage to help with this repair. Call 254-716-8685 today for your concrete waterproofing needs in Waco and Temple, TX.

How does asphalt crack?

cracks along asphalt

What causes asphalt to crack?

Here in Texas, when summer arrives, things get hot. They get so hot, they crack, melt, and sometimes, disintegrate. This includes all things asphalt, like driveways, parking lots, and roadways.  However, it isn’t just the heat that causes asphalt cracking, there are other factors that create crack on asphalt, and fortunately, there is durable asphalt crack repair method and products. 

Before any asphalt crack repairs begin, determining what the asphalt crack causes need to be determined. An inspection of the extent of the damage and deterioration needs to be identified as well. There are 8 main types of asphalt cracking that create the need for asphalt crack repairs: 

  • Fatigue Cracks
    Sometimes referred to as alligator cracking. Caused by load-related deterioration because of a weak subgrade, too thin pavement, overloaded, or any combination of these. 
  • Block Cracks
    Typically, rectangular cracks that are a foot or bigger and can be in non-traffic areas, caused by temperature caused shrinkage of the asphalt. 
  • Edge Cracks
    Longitudinal cracks that develop within two feet of the pavement’s outer edge and are caused by the edge not being well supported. 
  • Longitudinal Cracks
    Typically parallel to the centerline and caused by poor construction of the joint, the asphalt shrinking, cracks in the underlying layer, or poor paver operation. 
  • Transverse Cracks
    Perpendicular to the centerline  and caused by asphalt shrinking or from an existing crack that wasn’t properly repaired first. 
  • Reflection Cracks
    These cracks form over other cracks or joints in concrete pavement or from deteriorated asphalt underneath that moves. 
  • Slippage Cracks
    Poor bonding or poor mix of the asphalt materials between the layers cause these crescent-shaped cracks when vehicles brake or turn.

Does anyone know how to stop asphalt from cracking?

Seal coating the asphalt when it is installed will minimize the chance of any cracking. Seal coating is an additional expense up front, but cheaper and more convenient to seal coat before cracking than having an asphalt crack repair job done later. 

What is asphalt crack sealing?

When there is a crack in the asphalt, which method of asphalt crack repair is better: Filling or Sealing?  A professional asphalt contractor will inspect and carefully evaluate the type of asphalt crack it is first. 

If it is a non-working crack will little to no edge deterioration, crack filling is the best asphalt crack repair option. Crack sealing is the method of asphalt crack repair for cracks that have a limited amount of deteriorating edges. 

crack with plant coming through

What is the best asphalt crack repair?

If you can do your own asphalt crack repairs, you can save money and your driveway. When cracked asphalt is left unattended, it becomes an eyesore and it weakens the driveway, making it susceptible to more damage. 

If you live in a cold climate, water is seeping in those cracks, freezes, expands, and causes more cracks. You can purchase squeeze bottle or tube of  asphalt and crack filler for a temporary job, then have a professional asphalt crack repair job done after winter. 

Or you can use the same type of product that the highway crews do for asphalt crack repairs. It is melted into the crack and then use a towel to spread it over the surface around the crack. This must be prefaced with an asphalt crack cleaner first and making sure no loose debris or rocks in the area of the crack being repaired.

The heated, melted in crack filler method will last longer and you probably won’t need a professional asphalt crack repair service later. Especially if the crack you repair are less than 20 foot long, deeper than 6 inches or wider than 1 to 2 inches.

Why is asphalt crack repair so important?  Ideally, asphalt crack repairs need to be addressed as soon as the cracks are noticed. You want to prevent these cracks from expanding and creating asphalt crack hazards. 

Whether the asphalt crack repairs are for your private driveway, a private parking lot or road, it is an important part of property maintenance that shouldn’t be ignored. Consider this preventive maintenance that will keep your asphalt from eroding, because when it is left on its own, the cracks will spread and cause bigger problems. 

Bigger problems like potholes and more. Then the potholes, when they are left unrepaired, like asphalt crack repairs, they just get deeper and wider too. The bigger the holes, the more water they hold, and the more the asphalt deteriorates. 

Always do a thorough cleaning of the areas inside and around the crack. Loose debris and dirt will keep the asphalt crack repair material from adhering good, shortening its lifespan. If you use water to rinse off the area, allow it to thoroughly dry and make sure the weather is going to be dry and warm if you’re using the melt-in asphalt crack repair. Call 254-716-8685 today for your asphalt crack repair needs in Waco and Temple, TX.

What do you put under concrete walkway?

concrete walkway

Building a concrete path

While a graveled walkway can have a quaint appearance and feel, and is the best for certain architectural style, sometimes, a concrete walkway installation may be better. Like a concrete walkway next to driveway to minimize the amount grass, leaves and general dirt inside your car. 

For a homeowner that is considering a concrete walkway installation, there are many concerns and questions. Like, how do you prepare the ground for concrete? A concrete walkway installation will provide you a lasting walkway with these steps: 

  • The Path Placement : Determine the location and size of your concrete walkway installation project. Using wooden stakes and string to outline it then use paint to draw the pattern on the ground. So, can you lay concrete on dirt? Keep reading to find out. 
  • Excavate: With the plot outlined and marked, it is time to excavate. Dig down eight inches and remove any debris along with all the grass and roots. Next tamp the soil down to flatten it for the base. Then add four inches of gravel and tamp it until it is flat and level.

With the preparation done, how do you build a concrete walkway?

  • Build the Form: Anytime you’re pouring concrete, you need a form to hold it in place. For this project, use 1″ x 4″ boards that are 4’  long. This will be the side forms for your concrete walkway installation. Next, drive wooden stakes every 4 feet along the string for the length of the walkway. Then attach them to make the forms for the walkway sides. Drive the wooden stakes down the path at four foot spacing, placing them just outside the planned pathway. Attach 1″ x 4″ boards  inside the wood stakes using screws. This create the concrete form! All the boards should be level and plumb to each other, and the wood stakes should be lower than the form boards. 
  • The Concrete: For a DIY project like concrete for walkway, pre-mixed concrete is recommended. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for mixing. Start at the lowest point for the concrete walkway installation, pour the mixed concrete into the form and move upward. Level the concrete roughly with the back side of a garden rake immediately when the pouring is completed. Then level and smooth while the concrete is still pliable with a 2”x4” board. 

Do you need gravel under concrete sidewalk?

When pouring concrete for a patio or a walkway, experts recommend having a strong gravel base when preparing the ground. This will prevent the concrete from cracking or shifting, especially when there is clay soil. Clay soil doesn’t drain like other soils and without a gravel base, water will pool under the concrete walkway and erode, causing the concrete walkway installation to crack and shift. 

walkway around side of home

How long does a concrete walkway last?

With normal wear and tear, a concrete walkway installation can last up to twenty-five years or longer, under ideal setting, a concrete walkway installation has been known to last as long as 80 years. The things that can factor in the longevity of a concrete walkway installation includes: 

  • The quality of the concrete
  • The thickness of the concrete
  • Use of mesh or reinforcing bars
  • Use of a sub-base 
  • Tree roots
  • The weather

Things that can make a concrete walkway installation fail:  

  • A poor base soil.
  • Lack of or poor sub-base preparation. 
  • Tree roots causing cracks and displacement.
  • Heavy vehicle traffic 
  • Insufficient thickness
  • Lack of reinforcement

Which is better, a concrete walkway, cement walkway? The materials that make up cement is calcium and silica-rich materials, like clay or limestone. The distinctive adhesive properties of these materials make a superb binding agent. However, cement cracks easily. 

Where cement and concrete are alike, there is cement in concrete, making the two materials similar and are confused together. Adding water to a cement mix makes a paste, add gravel and sand, and you have concrete. Concrete is a durable material and will last centuries where cement isn’t as durable and very susceptible to the environment. 

Perhaps your concrete walkway installation has gone well and  you’re ready to venture into something bigger and more complex, like a concrete walkway and stairs. The concrete walkway installation will remain the same, the stairs will take more preparation, or are wooden steps easier? 

When cost is a factor, wooden stairs are the less expensive and the easier option to build. While concrete steps are about the same in cost, and you can purchase ready-make steps of standard dimension will take more work. Perhaps going with stone steps are an option, but the cost is higher because they are made from cut materials and then they need to be stabilized. 

Regardless which way you go, with or without steps, DIY concrete steps or ready made steps, the end results will be one you can enjoy for years. Call 254-716-8685 today for your concrete walkway needs in Waco and Temple, TX.

What kind of paint should you use on asphalt?

reflective yellow paint

What type of paint is used for road markings?

As you drive down the road at night, or during a rainstorm in daylight hours, you appreciate the reflective paint for roads the city or state have used.  Reflective paint for road markings can be helpful for private property as well, including reflective paint for parking lots

For reflective paint for road lines, a chlorinated rubber based paint is used. This pain is used to draw arrows, lines, number, and parking bay lines. This paint is used on bituminous and concrete surfaces because of it is abrasion resistant, durable, and tough in all types of weather with a fast drying time. A chrome and lead free pain that has low VOCs, makes this an environment friendly paint choice for cities, states, and private property owners that need reflective paint for roads and parking lot markings. 

What makes paint reflective?

Flat white paint is the most reflective paint  with tiny additives that make it luminous. The manufacturer of  reflective paint for roads use small reflective crystals and add them to the flat paint. This same process can be added to eggshell or satin paints at home for private use inside the home where a homeowner desires a touch of reflectiveness. 

What paint is used for parking lots?

Commercial, private, and public parking lots can have a high amount of foot and vehicle traffic.  Therefore, the need for a durable reflective paint for roads is the better choice for this use as well. There are numerous types available in paints used for high traffic planned parking lots used for line striping which include solvent based alkyd resin paints or solvent based chlorinated rubber. Water-based acrylics and others are available also.

The water-based acrylics are the most common and popular paint choice by far because of excellent durability and elevated brightness for visibility. Just as it the choice for reflective paint for roads, the water-based acrylic popular for the environmentally friendly factor too. 

Many city, state and local governments have specific requirements for reflective paint for roads and parking lots that meet or exceed the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Regardless of size, these requirements must have appropriate number of handicapped-accessible parking spots. 

These requirements include reflective paint for roads and parking space in a handicap blue and white painted markings in addition to metal handicap signs posted at each parking stall identifying them as handicap spaces. The ADA requirements typically call for one handicapped parking stall for every twenty-five regular parking spaces. 

parking lot spaces

How fast does road paint dry?

As a private or public business, the parking lot is critical to the daily operations. It needs to be open ad accessible to traffic, with easy entrance and exiting. So when it comes time to have reflective paint for roads and parking applied, it need to be applied and dry as fast as possible. 

The contractor you choose to work with should know how to use reflective paint so that it can be applied fast, and in the majority of the cases, within 30 minutes, the paint is dry enough to touch with the hand. This doesn’t mean it is ready for vehicle traffic though.  There are several factors to be considered that will affect the drying time. These factors stand alone or in a combination: 

  • Weather conditions:  The temperature should be above 50 degrees Fahrenheit and a relative humidity level no higher than 80 percent. A light wind is beneficial, but stronger winds can be problematic. If the contractor is using a water based paint, cooler temperature, high humidity, but light wind, the drying take is longer. For an oil-based paint, isn’t as significant.
  • Pavement age: New asphalt or concrete pavement tends to absorb paint, leaving a thin appearance of the reflective paint for roads and parking lot. This can be remedied by apply a second coat, which is equal to having the parking lot and roads painted twice. The best solution is for the contractor to use a thicker coat. If the parking lot and access roads have a lot of traffic, a second coat may be needed.
  • Paint type: There is a broad category of reflective paint for roads and parking lots, both oil-based and water-based. Within these categories there are specialty paints, like  fast-drying, highly reflective, or a high-performance, long-lasting. There are reflective paint for roads and parking lots that are can be cold-applied or hot-applied thermoplastic. Paint types affect the time it takes to apply and the drying time. Most contractors would rather work with a water-based reflective paint for roads and parking lots for asphalt surfaces and oil-based paints on concrete surfaces. An experienced contractor will make professional recommendations based on the age, the climate and environment, and the anticipated traffic flow.
  • Pavement condition: An older parking and roadway pavement may require repairs or special pre-treatment, like a seal coat. Any asphalt patching or crack repair work will factor into the time it takes for the contractor to complete the job in addition to applying the reflective paint for roads and parking lots. 

Once you have a quote on your reflective paint for roads and parking lot, you will want to know how long does parking lot paint last, and this is a legitimate concern and question. After two years, most reflective paint for roads and parking lots will loose a quarter of its visibility. With most private and public businesses, every 2 years is the recommendation for re-applying the reflective paint for roads and parking lots. Call 254-716-8685 today for your asphalt painting needs in Waco and Temple, TX.

Is Sealcoating Your Driveway Worth It?

Is Sealcoating Your Driveway Worth It?

Pavement sealcoating can be an extraordinary benefit to your home or property. However, many property-owners are desirous of knowing exactly what the benefits are. If you would like to review the advantages, please read over the following list to discover more.

  • Sealcoating reduces long-term repair costs.
  • Sealcoating will also accelerate the melting of snow and ice on the pavement surface.
  • Water penetration, damage from rain, frost, and snow, will be minimized.
  • Finally, seal coating will aesthetically improve the appearance of your building and landscape.

If you would like to learn more, please feel free to consult with a professional pavement seal coater at a verified company.

pavement sealcoating

What Does Sealcoating Do?

While advantages of seal coating are vital to discuss, it’s also important to stipulate exactly what seal coating is and does. Sealcoating is an important service that will prolong the life of your pavement. This is because seal coating will fill the surface damage and supply a protective layer to keep out damaging UV rays, car fluids, and water. Inevitably, the very low cost of regular seal coating can save an individual money in the long run. If you are experienced with cost-benefit analyses, then seal coating stands to enhance your property for years to come.

How Do You Seal Coat Asphalt?

If you are not a professional experienced in working with asphalt, it can seem like seal coating asphalt is a foreign topic. However, seal coating asphalt is important to understand if you are contemplating investing in this process for your property. To begin with, the mix will need to be perfectly calibrated for your purposes. While it is true that asphalt sealers can cure in just a few hours, the driveway won’t be able to be used for vehicle traffic for anywhere from twenty-four to forty-eight hours. In addition, considerations will need to be made on behalf of what the weather conditions are for the paving day. It needs to be at least sixty degrees Fahrenheit for twenty-four hours before and after the paving process. 

Do Driveway Sealers Need Two Coats?

Are you wondering if you will need more than one coat for your driveway? As a matter of fact, most driveway sealing manufacturers recommend two coats. Furthermore, these two coats will need a minimum drying time of eight hours between coats. A driveway can be completely sealed and finished over the course of several days.

Can You Use a Roller to Seal a Driveway?

If you would like to use a paint roller to seal a driveway, it is important for you to understand whether or not using such a tool is wholly possible. According to further research, if an individual is applying an acrylic-based driveway sealer that is specifically designed for concrete or masonry surfaces, then it can be applied with a roller. However, if you are using an asphalt-based product, you will need to apply it with a squeegee.

Pavement Sealcoating

Pavement seal coating has the propensity to increase the longevity of your driveway. As previously alluded to in other topic points, it will stand strong against moisture, vehicle fluids, rain, frost, and snow. It could also increase the value of your home. A real estate agent will certainly consider it a boon when you are thinking of selling the property.

Paving Sealcoating Near Me

If you are looking for authentic paving seal coating services, it will be pertinent to look to a professional company and not an amateur. This is because the process is quite involved and requires some skill. In order to find locations near your area, you can use your computer or smartphone to search for places near your location. Thanks to location tracking, you will have the ability to review which companies have the best credentials.

Paving and Sealcoating Solutions

Believe it or not, there is a difference between seal coating and paving. Sealcoating is known to be the process for repairing very minor cracks or defects and is usually used when the discussion turns to maintaining and protecting asphalt surfaces. Asphalt paving is generally understood to be useful for repairing or replacing damaged or old asphalt driveways.

pavement sealcoating

Pavement and Sealcoat

The chief elements to look out for when it comes to damaging your asphalt is water, oils, and ultraviolet damage. Inevitably, asphalt pavement takes a beating. That is why it is important to rely on regular maintenance and repairs when it comes to protecting your investment. A professional asphalt sealer will be able to talk to you about the condition of your pavement, and what repairs are necessary. The longer you go between trips to have your pavement repaired, the more it will deteriorate over time.

If you would like to discuss your options with regard to pavement seal coating in Waco and Temple, TX, you can call upon us at 254-716-8685 today.

How to Get Your Parking Lot Ready for Winter

parking lot freshly poured

Parking lots and changing seasons

Winter is going to blast through that northern door any day now, and as a commercial property owner, you have several things to winterize, including the parking lot. Yes, in addition to pipes being wrapped and weather-stripping doors and windows, your parking lot needs winterizing too. It is part of basic parking lot maintenance that is overlooked too often. 

What is parking lot maintenance exactly and why is parking lot maintenance needed? In America, more than ninety percent of all parking lots are asphalt, a material that damaged from weathering overtime. A unmaintained parking lot becomes damaged with cracks and potholes which can is unappealing and unsafe. 

Parking lot maintenance involves keeping repairs done and performing treatments that extends the life of the parking lot. With consistent and proper  parking lot maintenance, it will maintain your property value while ensuring the customers, employees, and other visitors a safe arrival and departure. So, just like with your lawn care at home, the parking lot maintenance and the seasons need to be a matter of routine too. 

How do you maintain a parking lot?

There isn’t much to knowing how to maintain a parking lot really, it’s a matter of a few basic steps and knowing when you need professional services to the surface.  Here, we offer the recommended steps to parking lot maintenance that will give you guidance on how to do parking lot maintenance. 

Once you know how, you can schedule routine parking lot maintenance for your property and get the most out of that asphalt parking lot.

  • Sweep and clean: Keep debris removed so that you can see when and where repairs are needed for good parking lot maintenance.
  • Seal: An asphalt parking lot needs to be resealed every two to three years to preserve the resilience and inhibits weathering.
  • Striped: The stripes on a parking long should be repainted every two to three years, keeping them defined visibly. 
  • Fill cracks and potholes: Good parking lot maintenance includes keeping cracks filled and sealed will prevent debris and water from penetrating the surface layer and causing more damage and creating potholes. 
  • New asphalt overlay: You can extend the life of your asphalt parking to by having the top layer stripped off and a new layer installed.  This keeps your parking lot looking new longer, and value add to your property. 
  • Repave: When an asphalt parking lot starts crumbling, reconstruction and repaving is needed every ten years if proper and routine parking lot maintenance has been done. 

How long do asphalt parking lots last?

The old saying that nothing lasts forever holds true for asphalt parking lots too. The time will come when you have to ask yourself, and a professional paving contractor, if repairing the current parking lot is sufficient.  If you have kept a regular routine of parking lot maintenance, an asphalt parking lot can last up to thirty years. 

Sometimes, resurfacing a parking lot is not the answer, and it is the lot’s base that makes that determination. If the base layer is damaged, then resurfacing may put a coat of lipstick on it and look better, but that lipstick is going to crack and fall off. When parking lot maintenance has been ignored and small issues fixed, it begins to fail. There may be issues with the underlying design or a construction issue or the sub-soil. 

Besides proper parking lot maintenance, once a parking lot has reached the twenty year mark, it is one-fourth of its lifespan. If there is significant damage, resurfacing the entire parking lot is the best decision that will get you the most ROI. 

How often should parking lots be sealed?

Typical recommendations for commercial property parking lot maintenance, sealcoating every three year is adequate for protection and aesthetics. Find a professional pavement contractor that can set up schedule parking lot maintenance in addition to your own daily routine of parking lot maintenance .

How do you maintain an asphalt parking lot?

There are many responsibilities when you own a commercial property. The four most basic assets with a commercial property are: 

  • The Roof
  • The HVAC system
  • The Elevator 
  • The Parking Lot

Of those four, it is the parking lot that make the first impression of  the business. It may surprise many businesses owners how much business they lose because the parking lot looks like, and drives like, a battle ground. There are three categories to asphalt parking lot maintenance: 

  1. The Must:  This category concerns property and personal liabilities. Potential hazards like a broken curb, large cracks, a raised sidewalk, potholes, alligatored areas, and failing inlets.
  2. The Should: This category is the preventative maintenance measures that extend the lifespan of your parking lot and staying ahead of bigger problems by taking care of small issues like crack sealing and seal coating. 
  3. The Could: Budgeting to reconstruct the parking lot area before it is needed to avoid more expensive milling and paving.

Within those three categories, parking lot maintenance is a must and should include the following: 

  • Seal coating 
  • Crack sealing
  • New striping
  • Proper signage
  • Pothole repairs 
  • Inlet repair 
  • Remedy cause of standing water 
worn parking lot

How do you maintain asphalt?

To get the most ROI, longer lifespan, and best appearance of your commercial property, daily, weekly, monthly parking lot maintenance should include a thorough cleaning. A stiff broom and powerful water hose spray will remove surface debris and dirt. Have a seal-coat every two years, no longer than every five years. Have repairs made to crack and potholes as soon as they are noticed. Last but not least, use the proper material for repairs and sealing. This is not the place to cut back and save a few dollars. Get help with your parking lot today when you call 254-716-8685!

Do You Need to Seal Pavement?

pavement seal coating

What is pavement seal coating?

Asphalt pavement is primarily an aggregate mixture of rock and/or stone with gravel, and a binder. That mixture with the added binder is more commonly referred to as asphalt cement and comes from certain crude oils that are refined. That alone cannot withstand the elements and that is where pavement seal coating is added. 

Why get pavement seal coating? This binder will prolong the life of the asphalt surface, but it needs a layer of protection as well. The chemicals, rain, and UV rays will degrade the binder over time and that allows the asphalt to degrade. Without a pavement seal coating the surface become brittle and begins to crack, then break, and potholes form as water seeps into those cracks. 

Pavement seal coating is a substance made of heated asphalt bitumen that is  240 degrees Fahrenheit or hotter and turns the asphalt pavement viscous. This is the binder ingredient we mentioned earlier and is used for road construction, driveways, parking lots. It is a natural occurring product crude oil byproduct.

Does sealcoating fill cracks?

No, the cracks and potholes need to be filled prior to the pavement seal coating. A routine of pavement maintenance should include pavement seal coating after any cracks and potholes have been filled. With proper care and maintenance, an asphalt pavement lifespan is doubled, and the curb appeal is maximized. If only pavement sealing is done, the cracks allow moisture to get under the asphalt and erosion begins. This allows the pavement to fail and potholes form. 

Should I seal my driveway myself or hire someone?

There two big differences between a professional pavement seal coating and a DIY pavement seal coating: 

  1. The professionals know How to pavement seal coating from pre-cleaning, temperature gauging, and finishing up. 
  2. They have the proper equipment, like spray tanks, which gets not only the large area of pavement seal coating but the edges too.  This large spray tank has a high-pressure spray wand that using properly is a learned experience.

A third reason to go with a professional pavement seal coating is the guarantee and warranty.  If there are any issues with the finished job, you should have a limited, stated guarantee and warranty with the professional.

Is seal coating your driveway worth it?

A couple of points in favor of pavement seal coating as part of the maintenance of an asphalt driveway:

  1. The driveway should have a strong gravel base, the better the base, the better driveway will hold up. No less than six inches of a crushed-stone base under no less than four inches of asphalt is the recommendation.
  2. Water is a huge threat to a driveway’s integrity. Good drainage along with a pavement seal coating is recommended to protect that integrity and any cracks should be addressed immediately. 

Pavement seal coating a driveway will restore the top layer. It will protect the gravel and sand embedded in the asphalt from oxygen and water damaging it.  Not to mention the curb appeal is maintained. 

What temperature can you seal coat a driveway?

The recommended temperature for applying a pavement seal coating is no cooler than 50 degrees and no warmer than 55 degrees.  This is the recommended temperature of the air and the pavement and for up to eight hours as it cures and dries. 

What are the advantages of pavement seal coating?

For pavement seal coating to be the most effective, the temperature in the air and of the pavement should be at least 55 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature is needed from start to finish of application and up to eight hours after the application is finished.

Additionally, before beginning the pavement seal coating process, the asphalt surface needs to be cleared of any debris and dirt. All minor repairs should be completed and allowed to cure or dry, like cracks and potholes. The surface to be pavement seal coated should be thoroughly cleaned. Once all of this is done the following benefits can be expected: 

  1. Sealcoating protects and extends the life expectancy of the asphalt pavement.
  2. Regular pavement seal coating will save you money. This recommended maintenance will help with extending the lifespan and minimize the amount of repairs over time. 
  3. Pavement seal coating protects the asphalt from exposure to the elements that cause it to fade. Pavement seal coating keeps the asphalt looking clean and new. 
  4. Pavement seal coating accelerates the ice and snow melting and protects the asphalt from frost, rain, snow, and water penetration.
new pavement

Pavement seal coating vs repairs? 

Both!  The repairs need to be done along with a thorough cleaning before the pavement seal coating is applied.  If you’re not going to apply a pavement seal coating after making repairs, they’ll simply break and crack again, and most likely, worse than they were. So, if you’re going to take the time to make repairs, then have a pavement seal coating applied to protect the repairs and the rest of the paved area too. This will save you from having to make repairs again too soon. Give us a call at 254-716-8685 today.